Tag Archives: Caesar

The Cicero You Never Knew

Name me a great Roman. Julius Caesar. Good.  Name me another one. Um.  Some gladiator—no, I know: Pontius Pilate. And Cicero?  Do you know what one scholar says about him? “The influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature … Continue reading

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Caesar’s Greatest Battle

The most exciting thing in Caesar’s Commentaries? Commentarii de Bello Gallico, an account written by Julius Caesar about his nine years of war in Gaul (public domain photo) The battle of Alesia. What is so exciting about it? Caesar was … Continue reading

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Caesar’s Dignity Bridge

“Find me a place where the river is nice and wide,” Julius Caesar told his tribunes. “And sort of mean.” “Yessir.” The “Tusculum portrait”, possibly the only surviving bust of Caesar made during his lifetime (public domain photo) They came … Continue reading

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Caesar Escapes Just Like Indiana Jones

See him: the tough old general swimming for his life, keeping under water as much as he can while the arrows splash all around him in the water. He holds his notes in the air.  A general needs his papers. … Continue reading

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Caesar’s Army: Basic Facts

Organization A LEGION comprised 6000 soldiers. It was made up of 10 COHORTS, each containing 600 soldiers. The cohort was composed of 3  MANIPLES (200 soldiers each). A maniple contained  2 CENTURIES (one hundred men = a century) and their … Continue reading

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The Cicero You Never Knew 2

Educated Romans knew Greek. It was the language of culture. You needed it to talk about art, literature, philosophy. The greatest ancient poet: Homer, quoted for a thousand years.  Roman copy of a lost Hellenistic original of the 2nd c. … Continue reading

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The Tomb of Hercules

The most famous ancient sanctuary in Western Europe was in Cadiz,  in old Spain. Hercules was buried there. Hercules Monument at Cadiz, Spain There was an oracle. You could ask her questions and get a cryptic reply or an interpretation … Continue reading

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