Category Archives: archaeology

What Rome Learned from Hispania

Rome picked up all kinds of tricks and useful knowledge from the peoples it conquered. While fighting the native Spaniards, for instance, the Roman officers saw the virtues of the short sword they carried. Both its edges were sharp and … Continue reading

Posted in 1, archaeology, Numancia, Romans, Spain, sword, warfare | Tagged , , , , | 6 Comments

Islam in Spain

Córdoba–the Roman Bridge and the Great Mosque by James (Jim) Gordon A long turn in the road and then great Córdoba, shining Córdoba, appears far down across the plain: “lejana y sola”, as in the Lorca poem,  far off and … Continue reading

Posted in 1, Al Andalus, archaeology, architecture, art, Caesar, history, islam, Spain, travel | Tagged , , , , , | 3 Comments

He Saw Alexander the Great

Question: Who was the last to see Alexander, the greatest man of ancient times? Busts of Alexander the Great and Hephaestion (public domain photo by Neilwiththedeal) Answer: The Emperor Augustus, according to the Roman biographer Suetonius. But how could that … Continue reading

Posted in archaeology, books, history, literature, Romans | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 8 Comments

Homo Antecessor

Atapuerca, near Burgos, Spain, is the greatest dig of modern times. Everyone is excited. What is all the fuss about? What’s so special about Atapuerca? On July 8, 1994, a new species of man was discovered. They found human remains … Continue reading

Posted in archaeology, art, history, homo antecessor, religion, Spain, travel | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 12 Comments

A Pleasure Palace and a Clock

Just outside Toledo, near the river before it flows around the city, there is a small, delicate palace built by a Moorish king or governor in the eighth century. He built it for his daughter, the Princess Galiana. Its flowered … Continue reading

Posted in archaeology, history, Spain, Toledo | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

Scipio Takes Command (Part 2)

The Carthaginian commander of New Carthage, Mago by name, had only a thousand soldiers to defend the city, and most of them were mercenaries. Unlike Rome, Carthage never had its own citizen army. He decided to keep them at their … Continue reading

Posted in archaeology, art, books, history, Romans, travel, warfare | Tagged , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

The First Explorers

The brave discoverers of the ancient world were the Phoenicians, who lived at the other end of the Mediterranean. They were out for money, for profit, for trade, not for conquest, though once they had found a good thing they … Continue reading

Posted in archaeology, books, history, Romans, Spain, travel | 3 Comments